Cross Cutting Knowledge and Skills List

Oral and written communication
PMI’s Code of Ethics & Professional Conduct
Presentation tools
Prioritization/time management
Problem-solving tools & techniques
Project management software
Relationship management
Stakeholder impact analysis
Targeting communications to intended audiences
Team motivation methods

Cross-Cutting knowledge and Skills: Need for These Skills

Each item described on the Cross-Cutting Knowledge and Skills list can be its own study and discipline. Many of these skills, techniques, and methods are use in normal day-to-day business activities. Most are not exclusive to management. PMI Registered Education Providers providing PMP PDU training will include these concepts.

However, understanding the spectrum of knowledge and skills it takes to be a successful project manager helps to define the complex role of a project manager. A manager has to possess many of these skills due to the political and human nature of managing projects in an organization.

Cross-Cutting knowledge and Skills: Interpersonal Skills

Management in its essence deals in managing the human resources of a project. Without proper motivation and leadership, a project may suffer delays and setbacks. That is why many of the skills listed on the Cross-Cutting Knowledge and Skills list deal with the ability to interact with people.

The following are skills from the list that relate to dealing with and managing people:

Active listening
Conflict resolution
Cultural sensitivity and diversity
Leadership tools and techniques
Relationship management
Team motivation methods

A project manager lacking interpersonal skills may find it difficult to organize and lead a project. That is why seeking additional training in these areas is essential for the project manager.

Cross-Cutting knowledge and Skills: Analytical Skills

Management presents many complex situations. The project manager must possess analytical skills that enable them to study performance reports, assess risk and manage the interest of all primary stakeholders. PMI Registered Education Providers providing PMP PDU training will include examples of these. On the Cross-Cutting Knowledge and Skills list, there are several areas that deal in analysis-both numeric and political.

The following are areas from the list that relate to analytical skills:

Data gathering techniques
Decision making techniques
Information management tools, techniques, and methods
Prioritization/time management
Problem solving tools and techniques
Project management software
Stakeholder analysis

Cross-Cutting knowledge and Skills: Analytical Skills

Management presents both explicit and implicit data. The obvious data analysis work like cost and time performance metrics are skills the project manager must have in order to gauge the project performance. The implicit data like stakeholder interests and political issues are areas that, if not analyzed and managed correctly, could affect the project performance negatively.

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Benefits of Engaging in Physical Education and Sport Activities

Engaging in natural health remedies such as physical education and sport activites are encouraged by health and nutrition experts today. The increasing number of health risks and conditions that are experienced by most people today, young or old, create concern about the impact of lifestyle and diet factors to increasing those risk factors. If you wanted to adapt a change in lifestyle, make sure to learn how you can incorporate those activities in your daily life and experience their benefits.

What is Physical Education?

Physical education is a form of instruction that focus on promoting activities that involve physical development and enhance an individual’s overall well being. This is one reason why physical education is an integral part in a school’s curriculum, especially for grade school to high school students. This is the time wherein the physical body is undergoing development and engaging in activities such as dance, sports, gymnastics, and calisthenics, among other PE classes are highly encouraged.

Aside from those physical activities, games can also become part of physical education and sport classes. The idea is to stimulate play behavior to develop physical fitness and skills. Although physical education has been largely associated with the modern society, it actually has a long history that dates back to the times of ancient Greece.

Teaching Physical Education

The ability for children to benefit from physical education and sport classes depend largely on the teaching methods employed. This is why PE teachers need a certain level of qualification before they are allowed to teach this subject. A baccalaureate degree is the most basic requirement for PE teachers and some could even have concentration studies in the area of human behavior and biology.

Aside from teaching physical education and sport in schools, there is also a large demand for PE instructors in other sectors. This is partly due to the recent surge in health and fitness awareness with the need to stay active being considered as one of the healthy yet natural alternatives to combating common diseases and health risks.

Sport Activities

Although sports is viewed today as a competitive activity, it can also be practiced for leisure and fitness purposes. There are various level of sports activities that one can engage in such as amateur, leisure, and professional sports.

Sports classes are also held in schools to encourage students to participate actively for physical stimulation. After all, sports is not only fun and competitive, but it also teaches one the importance of taking care of your body and well being in terms of physical self-discipline. There are several sports activities that one can choose from such that it is easier to commit yourself into this activity, depending on what you enjoy doing most. Some of the most popular sports today include basketball, football, soccer, volleyball, tennis, swimming, to name a few.


To encourage your kids to engage in physical education and sport activities, here are some of the rewards for doing so:

• Depending on the type of sport, it can encourage social behaviors and improve one’s ability to work with a team.

• It boosts your endurance and fitness level such that you stay healthier for longer.

• It teaches one self-discipline to adapt a healthy lifestyle and take good care of one’s body.

• It promotes physical development and acquire essential physical skills.

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Elementary School Teachers, Counselors, and Career Education

As teachers and counselors, you know that the elementary school years are important. During the elementary school years, your students build visions of what they desire to do in their lives as they contribute to the workforce. With your help, your students remain open to new career ideas and possibilities. As you work with your students, your students do not make premature career choices or career preparations. For your students, elementary school is a time to build awareness.

As elementary school teachers and counselors, you use career education to promote self-worth, skill development, and decision making strategies. Your activities are designed to build self, family, school, community, and career awareness. You use age-appropriate materials that match your students’ developmental levels. These activities expose your students to a variety of different jobs, career information sources, and the reasons why people work.

When you prepare to develop age-appropriate materials products, tests and tools, you use career models like the National Career Development Guidelines (NCDG). The National Career Development Guidelines (NCDG) have domains, goals, and indicators. Each domain represents a developmental area. Under each domain, there are goals or competencies. For each goal, indicators highlight the knowledge and skills needed to achieve the goal. The National Career Development Guidelines (NCDG) prepares you to make materials that are suitable for your students.

As a elementary school counselors and teachers, you create individual career plans and portfolios. Individual career plans (ICP) –

Develop self-awareness
Identify initial career goals and educational plans
Increase employability and decision making skills

Individual career portfolios summarize career awareness activities and experiences that occur during the school year. In addition to individual career plans and portfolios, you use a variety of resources –

Career days
Career fairs
Community speakers
Field trips
Information interviewing
Literary works
Collages, murals
Educational games
Job shadowing
Dramatic presentations

All of the career activities and tools combine academic work with career pathways. Career activities serve as foundations for future skills. As teachers and counselors, you help students build connections between academics and real life situations. You use career education activities to stress the importance of language arts, mathematics, social studies, and science.

You show students that Language Arts have many uses in the work force:

Listening skills

You provide examples that show how people solve problems when they use Mathematics. Different types of Mathematics include:


In Social Studies, your students learn how skills that are necessary to be successful in the global marketplace. In Social Studies, your students learn about –


Your students learn the importance of Science gaining skills to solve problems. You show your students how applications of Science are used in different industries, such as –

Automotive industry

The connections between academics and real life situations reinforce, develop, and expand previously learned skills. In summary, as a elementary school teachers and counselors, you help students:

Know and value self
Build self-esteem and confidence
Learn and apply the academic material
Identify interests and build relationships between the school environment and the work force
Build academic, communication, problem solving, and social skills
Increase awareness of the need for future jobs skills
See the connections between learning in school, academic skills, job related skills, and careers
See career possibilities
See themselves as a future contributor to the job force
Receive empowerment
Build self-determination

As counselors and teachers, you build self-awareness, family awareness, school awareness, community awareness, career/ work awareness, attitude development, skill development, decision making strategies, and self-worth. You use age-appropriate materials that match the developmental levels of the students. Examples of activities include individual career plans (ICP), individual career portfolios, career days, career fairs, field trips, information interviewing, and library book reports.

After completing career education activities, your students are prone to get higher grades, academic achievement, school involvement, and interpersonal skills. In addition, your students are more adept to complete more complex courses and have higher graduation rates from high school. As your students get older, they will achieve their career visions and goals.


1. American Counseling Association, Office of Public Policy and Legislation. (2007). Effectiveness of School Counseling. Alexandria, VA: Author.

2. Angel, N. Faye; Mooney, Marianne. (1996, December). Work-in-Progress: Career and Work Education for Elementary Students. (ED404516). Cincinnati, OH: Paper presented at the American Vocational Association Convention.

3. Benning, Cathleen; Bergt, Richard; Sausaman, Pamela. (2003, May). Improving Student Awareness of Careers through a Variety of Strategies. Thesis: Action Research Project. (ED481018). Chicago, Illinois: Saint Xavier University.

4. Career Tec. (2000). K-12 Career Awareness & Development Sequence [with Appendices, Executive and Implementation Guide]. (ED450219) .Springfield, Il: Author.

5. Carey, John. (2003, January). What are the Expected Benefits Associated with Implementing a Comprehensive Guidance Program. School counseling Research Brief 1.1. Amherst, MA: Fredrickson Center for School Counseling Outcome Research.

6. Dare, Donna E.; Maddy-Bernstein, Carolyn. (1999, September). Career Guidance Resource Guide for Elementary and Middle/Junior High School Educators. (ED434216). Berkeley, CA: National Center for Research in Vocational Education.

7. DuVall, Patricia. (1995).Let’s Get Serious about Career Education for Elementary Students. AACE Bonus Briefs. (ED386603). Hermosa Beach, CA: AACE Bonus Briefs.

8. Ediger, Marlow. (2000, July). Vocational Education in the Elementary School. (ED442979) Opinion Papers

9. Gerver, Miriam, Shanley, Judy, O Cummings, Mindee. (2/14/02). Answering the Question EMSTAC Extra Elementary and Middle Schools. Washington, DC: Technical Assistance Center, (EMSTAC).

10. Hurley, Dan, Ed.; Thorp, Jim, Ed. (2002, May). Decisions without Direction: Career Guidance and Decision-Making among American Youth. (ED465895). Grand Rapids, Michigan: Ferris State University Career Institute for Education and Workforce Development.

11. Maddy-Bernstein, Carolyn; Dare, Donna E. (1997,December).Career Guidance for Elementary and Middle School Students. Office of Student Services Brief, v9 n1. (ED415353). Berkeley, CA: National Center for Research in Vocational Education.

12. Ohio Department of Education, Division of Vocational and Career Education, Ohio Career Development Blueprint, Individual Career Plan, K to 5 (ED449322). Columbus, Ohio, 2000

13. Splete, Howard; Stewart, Amy. (1990). Competency-Based Career Development Strategies and the National Career Development Guidelines. Information Series No. 345. (ED327739). Columbus, Ohio: ERIC Clearinghouse on Education and Training for Employment & Ohio State University

14. U.S. Department of Education Office of Vocational and Adult Education. (1994, 2004). National Career Development Guidelines (NCDG). Washington, DC: Author.

15. Williams, Jean A., Ed. (1999, January). Elementary Career Awareness Guide: A Resource for Elementary School Counselors and Teachers. (ED445293). Raleigh, NC: NC Department of Public Instruction, NC Job Ready.

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Multiple Benefits of RPL and Skills Recognition

If you have skills and knowledge developed in your career and are looking to upgrade your qualifications, recognition of prior learning (RPL) and skills recognition could be the perfect option for you.

RPL is an assessment method that reviews your current career experience and matches it against the competency requirements contained within Nationally Recognised Qualifications. It is endorsed as part of the Australian Qualifications Framework as a valid method to receive Qualifications within the vocational education and training sector.

It provides an opportunity to “fast track” your way to a qualification, without the need for studying, because it is based on your career knowledge. The assessment process reviews your career and verifies your understanding of the requirements for competency at the expected industry standards.

RPL and skills recognition provides numerous advantages that you might not be aware of, so here is my list of the most important benefits, including:

RPL is a simple, fast, cheap and legitimate alternative to fulltime study which is endorsed as part of the Australian Qualification Framework.

The RPL assessment process is personalised for each individual and is specific to individual job history, industry experience and skills and type of work performed in various career roles;

Career skills and knowledge is clearly defined and verified by “mapping” it against the industry standards within Australian training packages;

RPL identifies knowledge you have in overlapping industry fields to show expertise and complexity or knowledge, so multiple qualifications can be obtained easily.

Qualifications will help to build confidence, self-esteem and a sense of accomplishment because your skills are confirmed and validated.

Nationally Recognised Qualifications are issued from a Registered Training Organisation with a full list of the Units of Competency you achieve;

RPL allows you to saves considerable time in achieving qualifications, as there is generally no requirement for study or additional training unless gaps are identified in your knowledge;

If gaps are identified in your experience you can complete self-paced online training to build your knowledge and understanding to achieve competency;

RPL assessment is based on flexible timeframes, so you can gather evidence in your own time without imposing on current work and personal commitments;

RPL eliminates repetition and duplication of learning because you won’t need to repeat training or studying at a college. RPL gives full consideration to the skills and experience you have already gained “on the job”;

Many forms of evidence can be used to prove your competency, including business references, references and testimonials from managers and industry colleagues, appraisals and skills reviews, copies of documents or projects you have completed, photos of finalized works, recordings and videos.

RPL allows for learning that takes place outside a ‘formal’ environment;

Experience obtained as a volunteer, conducting charity work, or in unpaid internships or work experience can also be used as evidence;

– RPL opens up pathways to complete further studies at a higher level and the qualification you receive can be used for credit exemptions- this includes tertiary university study including Degrees, Graduate Certificates, Graduate Diplomas and Masters Degree programs;

– Adding qualifications to your resume will open up career options such as promotions, pay rises and give you more credentials when seek new job opportunities;

– RPL provides access to qualifications for people that might not normally have opportunity to complete ‘traditional’ study due to commitments and financial limitations.

– RPL builds and strengthens options for ‘lifelong learning” and encourages people to continue to further study and seek career advancement opportunities.

If you are considering studying, you should definitely look at RPL and skills recognition first. You will be surprised with the range of qualifications that you could be eligible to obtain.

It’s a quick, simple and effective method to upgrade your career options.

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The Training and Skills You Need to Become a Criminalist

Criminalistics is part of forensic science. It is the forensic science that deals with analyzing and examining physical evidence. A criminalist works in a crime or forensic lab.

This is all well and good, but what should the aspiring or future criminalist know? What training and skills should he or she possess? In this article, I examine the training and skills needed to become a criminalist.


This is a criminal justice profession where education is important. Those interested in becoming criminalists must be ready to acquire a college education. The minimum educational requirement by most hiring organizations is a bachelor’s degree. A bachelor’s degree will take you about 4 years of college to complete.

Your choice of major for your bachelor’s degree is also important. More and more, the preferred major is becoming forensic science. Some colleges have responded to this requirement. They now offer major in forensic science to meet the needs of future professionals who want to concentrate in this line of work.

To even narrow the field further, some schools offer major in criminalistics. While the forensic science major covers other areas of forensic science, the criminalistics major is a little more concentrated in this area of study.

Other majors that can qualify one to become a criminalist are chemistry, biology, or physics. These are the natural sciences that deal a great deal with laboratory work. This laboratory work background helps in crime or forensic lab work.

It is important to point out that a criminalist must make continuing education part of his or her career. This is to keep them abreast of the latest methods and techniques of doing their job.


There are skills needed to become a criminalist. There is no point in embarking on a bachelor’s degree to become a criminalist if you lack the skills to get the job done. If you lack the skills, you will only be frustrated. This frustration can lead you to want to quit and wonder why you got in the profession in the first place.

Below are important skills I feel you need to become a successful criminalist:

1. You must be analytical in nature. This involves the ability to look at different sides of an issue. You can’t run with the first answer you see. You must question if there are other answers and then eliminate the less plausible while keeping the most promising for further analysis.

2. You should enjoy doing research. This will involve a lot of information or data gathering. You must know where to go for this information or data. Then when you get this information or data, you should know and keep the ones that are essential to your case.

3. You should enjoy doing documentation. The criminalist may be called to court to present his or her finding. This finding must be well documented to stand scrutiny in the court of law. Otherwise, the finding will be thrown out of court.

There you have it—-the training and skills you need to become a criminalist. I have by no means covered all of them. But, it is hard to do an exhaustive coverage in such a short article.

If you are interested in becoming a criminalist, I recommend you look into this further. You can do so by visiting websites that cover this profession in more detail.

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